Published on: 12th Nov 2010    |   Last Updated on: 24th Nov 2011

Data Types in C :

"Data type can be defined as the type of data of variable or constant store."

When we use a variable in a program then we have to mention the type of data. This can be handled using data type in C.

Followings are the most commonly used data types in C.


Keyword Format Specifier Size Data Range
char %c 1 Byte -128 to +127
unsigned char <-- -- > 8 Bytes 0 to 255
int %d 2 Bytes -32768 to +32767
long int %ld 4 Bytes -231 to +231
unsigned int %u 2 Bytes 0 to 65535
float %f 4 Bytes -3.4e38 to +3.4e38
double %lf 8 Bytes -1.7e38 to +1.7e38
long double %Lf 12-16 Bytes -3.4e38 to +3.4e38

* Qualifier :

When qualifier is applied to the data type then it changes its size or its size.

Size qualifiers : short, long

Sign qualifiers : signed, unsigned


* Enum Data Type :

This is an user defined data type having finite set of enumeration constants. The keyword 'enum' is used to create enumerated data type.

Syntax:

enum [data_type] {const1, const2, ...., const n};


Example:

enum mca(software, web, seo);


* Typedef :

It is used to create new data type. But it is commonly used to change existing data type with another name.

Syntax:

typedef [data_type] synonym;


OR

typedef [data_type] new_data_type;


Example:

typedef int integer;
integer rno;



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